Long-sightedness also known as hyperopia, affects an individual’s ability to see closer objects. Vision problems such as long-sightedness are often addressed as refractive errors.
Long-sighted individuals can see distant objects clearly, but nearby objects remain out of focus. There are also chances of their eyes getting tired easily.
Causes of long-sightedness
Long-sightedness occurs when:
- Lens is of inadequate thickness
- Cornea is not properly curved
- Eyeball is short
Causes of long-sightedness include genetics, age and medical conditions like diabetes.
Despite the long-sightedness problem being present in the children since birth, the problem normally corrects itself as the child develops. But it is recommended that children go through regular eye check-ups as long-sightedness that does not correct itself can lead to other eye-related problems.
Adults can also have long-sightedness, mostly seen post the age of 40. Presbyopia is the term used for age-related long-sightedness.
Long-sightedness type of refractive errors are generally identified during early eye check-up. In most cases, long-sightedness can be easily corrected; however, if left untreated, it could cause more serious complications that will affect your child’s vision permanently.
Long-sightedness is often corrected with either wearing glasses or contact lenses. Surgical techniques such as laser surgery are also sometimes used, although it is not suitable for everyone.
Complications of long-sightedness
Complications of long-sightedness are rare in adults. The condition is likely to get worse as you get older but a prescription for stronger glasses or contact lenses allows most people to retain normal vision.
Double vision often results in children with severe hyperopia as an outcome of over-focusing . This can in turnlead to turning away of one eye which can further give rise to two possible conditions:
Strabismus is when the eyes are not properly aligned with each other, so they both focus on different things.
It can lead to problems with judging how far away objects are from you – known as depth perception. It can also cause your brain to ignore the output of one eye, which can weaken the eye and lead to amblyopia.
Amblyopia (lazy eyes)
Amblyopia is the result of one eye getting occurs when one eye becomes dominant over the other, either as a result of strabismus or another condition such as cataracts. If a child makes use of only one eye for focusing, the other eye will become weaker over a period of time. If not given timely treatment, the weaker eye could experience total vision loss, eventually.
Hypermetropia treatment in India at Sanjeevan focuses on the strengthening of the ciliary muscles which helps in increasing the converging power of the eye lens. With our treatment we increase the axial length of the eye ball which improves the distance between the eye length and the retina ultimately helping in correction of hypermetropia. Also the flexibility of the lens is vastly improved which also helps in improvement of vision.